Greenhouse gas validation and verification bodies are third party or independent entities that have implemented the requirements of ISO 14065, and ISO 14064-3. They perform validation and/or verification of CO2 tonnage and information submitted by organizations or GHG emission reduction or removal projects. The validation and/or verification body is responsible for completing an objective assessment and providing a validation or verification statement with respect to the responsible party’s greenhouse gas declaration, based on the evidence.
This accreditation scheme covers the verification of the competence requirements, consistent operation and impartiality of greenhouse gas validation and verification bodies operating under the above standards and the type of activity included in the scope of accreditation.
The accreditation scheme is aimed at greenhouse gas verification and validation bodies, and is intended for organizations that carry out mainly two activities: Verification and Validation. The two activities performed by an independent third party outside the interests of the organization, such as nationally or internationally accredited bodies.
Verification: It is the review and evaluation process applied to the reports or declarations of greenhouse gas emissions executed in accordance with the applicable requirements
Validation: The process of review and assessment applied to a GHG mitigation or removal claim in respect of a GHG project plan against agreed validation requirements to determine whether a project plan is in compliance with these and its implementation can be expected to result in the proposed GHG emission reductions and enhancements of removals.
Verification and Validation can be carried out in different industrial sector, some of them are:
- Pulp, paper and printing
- Forestation and reforestation
- Agriculture, forestry and other land uses
- Pipeline distribution of petroleum and gas
- Power generation and power transactions
- Exploration, extraction, production and refining